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Anomaly Detection of IoT Cyberattacks in Smart Cities Using Federated Learning and Split Learning

Ishaani Priyadarshini    


The swift proliferation of the Internet of Things (IoT) devices in smart city infrastructures has created an urgent demand for robust cybersecurity measures. These devices are susceptible to various cyberattacks that can jeopardize the security and functionality of urban systems. This research presents an innovative approach to identifying anomalies caused by IoT cyberattacks in smart cities. The proposed method harnesses federated and split learning and addresses the dual challenge of enhancing IoT network security while preserving data privacy. This study conducts extensive experiments using authentic datasets from smart cities. To compare the performance of classical machine learning algorithms and deep learning models for detecting anomalies, model effectiveness is assessed using precision, recall, F-1 score, accuracy, and training/deployment time. The findings demonstrate that federated learning and split learning have the potential to balance data privacy concerns with competitive performance, providing robust solutions for detecting IoT cyberattacks. This study contributes to the ongoing discussion about securing IoT deployments in urban settings. It lays the groundwork for scalable and privacy-conscious cybersecurity strategies. The results underscore the vital role of these techniques in fortifying smart cities and promoting the development of adaptable and resilient cybersecurity measures in the IoT era.

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