Exploring the Global Innovation Systems Perspective by Applying Openness Index to National Systems of Innovation

Aram Cho and Sangook Park    


This paper raises the question of whether global innovation systems (GIS), the expanded networks of actors beyond national boundaries, could be a new sibling of innovation systems perspectives. We argue that in today?s globalized world, it is idoneous to analyze innovation activities in a global context rather than a national or regional one. To confirm this argument, first, previous research is reviewed to understand how the GIS perspective has emerged and what different aspects have enabled these discussions. Distinct gaps from a body of literature are identified, such as the lack of a united definition, leading causes, and empirical evidence of GIS. With this understanding of the GIS perspective?s background, this research aims to overcome the challenge of filling out these gaps using two-stage approaches. The first approach suggests three building blocks of the GIS perspective (global institutions, global actors and networks, and a global knowledge-base). Using the open innovation concept, the second approach measures the openness of national innovation systems (NIS) of the OECD DAC (Development Assistance Committee) member countries to represent the tangibility of the GIS perspective. The paper concludes that the GIS approach would provide us with a valuable viewpoint for analyzing current innovation activities in today?s globalized economy as the form of GIS perspective is observed when measured.

 Artículos similares

Salman Iqbal, Vladimír Bure?, Marek Zanker, Muhammad Abdullah and Beth Tootell    
Purpose: This paper seeks to explore the influence of workplace spirituality on employee behavior within organizational settings. Design: Systems thinking is used to explore various interrelated concepts of workplace spirituality (WPS). This study delves... ver más

Charalampos S. Kouzinopoulos, Eleftheria Maria Pechlivani, Nikolaos Giakoumoglou, Alexios Papaioannou, Sotirios Pemas, Panagiotis Christakakis, Dimosthenis Ioannidis and Dimitrios Tzovaras    
Citizen science reinforces the development of emergent tools for the surveillance, monitoring, and early detection of biological invasions, enhancing biosecurity resilience. The contribution of farmers and farm citizens is vital, as volunteers can streng... ver más

Hao An, Ruotong Ma, Yuhan Yan, Tailai Chen, Yuchen Zhao, Pan Li, Jifeng Li, Xinyue Wang, Dongchen Fan and Chunli Lv    
This paper aims to address the increasingly severe security threats in financial systems by proposing a novel financial attack detection model, Finsformer. This model integrates the advanced Transformer architecture with the innovative cluster-attention ... ver más
Revista: Applied Sciences

Zhi Shan, Yuling Liang, Zhiwu Yu and Huihua Chen    
China has emerged as a prominent global player in the field of railways, with numerous railway construction projects spanning across diverse locations. Railway bridges, as a crucial component of railway construction, warrant significant attention. Meta-a... ver más
Revista: Applied Sciences

Chang Guo, Jianfeng Zhu and Xiaoming Wang    
In recent years, the rapid growth of vehicles has imposed a significant burden on urban road resources. To alleviate urban traffic congestion in intelligent transportation systems (ITS), real-time and accurate traffic flow prediction has emerged as an ef... ver más
Revista: Applied Sciences