Inicio  /  Acta Scientiarum: Technology  /  Vol: 43 Par: 0 (2021)  /  Artículo
ARTÍCULO
TITULO

Enterococci and Bacilli from surface water: assessment of their resistance to copper and antibiotics

Luciana Furlaneto Maia    
Gabriela Batista Gomes Bravo    
Alex Kiyomassa Watanabe    
Nayara de Oliveira Batista    
Márcia Cristina Furlaneto    

Resumen

Heavy metal-resistant bacteria can be efficient bioremediators of metals and might provide an alternative method for metal removal in contaminated environments. The present study aims to isolate bacteria from the aquatic environment and evaluate their potential tolerance to copper metal, aiming at bioremediation processes. Also, compare co-resistance to heavy metal and antibiotics. The morphology of isolates was observed, and sequence analysis (16S ribosomal DNA) revealed that isolated strains were closely related to species belonging to the genera Enterococcus and Bacillus. Bacterial isolates were resistant to CuSO4, with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 0.78 mg ml-1. Enterococcus lactis was resistant to a combination of copper and tetracycline. The other tested isolates were sensitive to the tested antimicrobials. The metal removal ability of these isolates was assayed using atomic absorption spectroscopy, and the strains 27, 23, and E. lactis were best at removing heavy metals, at 87.7%. Enterococcus casseliflavus EC55 was 62%, followed by Bacillus aerius (18.4%), E. casseliflavus EC70 (10%) and Bacillus licheniformis (10%). Based on our findings, Enterococcus sp and Bacillus sp. have potential applications in enhanced remediation of contaminated environments.

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