Maciej Mindur    


The article provides a synthetic analysis of the interrelationships between economic development, the primary economic measure of which is the size of Gross Domestic Product, and the volume of transport work measured in tkm and pkm. The study was conducted over a 30-year time series based on the polynomial curves of the most-developed economies (the United States, Japan, China and EU-28) and Russia, the largest area of the world, with large natural resources and significant military industry, and constantly increasing since 2004 GDP. The research shows that GDP in the whole period (1995?2015) in the United States, Japan and the European Union is growing rapidly, significantly ahead of the tkm and pkm transport indicators. In China and Russia, GDP growth has been increasing since 2003, while the dynamic growth of transport (in billion tkm) in 1995?2015 is well ahead of economic growth (GDP). In Poland, trends in the development of the GDP measurement and transport indicators (tkm and pkm) are similar to those of Russia and China.

 Artículos similares

CUYA Thamar M.,DAYRIT Amayna Shaene C.,CUYA-ANTONIO Olive Chester,PASCUAL Marilou P.,FRONDA Jennifer G.     Pág. 113 - 120
Graduate education plays a significant role in the development and the economy of the nation. Therefore, it is significant to evaluate the program it offers as they provide relevant contributions to their graduates? knowledge, skills, and ability in the ... ver más

Joyce Mcivir Terwase,Cyprian Lawrence Achubu,Cyril Iligh     Pág. 23 - 30
Many issues in marital relationships often lead to anxiety problems amongst couples, particularly, sexual violence which includes harassment, sexual exploitation, and assault, etc., are behaviors that call for the attention of mental health professionals... ver más

Vaddula V. Krishna Reddy     Pág. 98 - 104
Buyback is a procedure that enables a company to repurchase its shares from its existing shareholders, usually at a price near to or higher than the prevailing market price. The present study is based on secondary data and the event window period of 21 d... ver más

Sakshi Saini     Pág. 1 - 8
Women in India are still struggling for financial independence. Females in India accounted for 48%, but their participation in the workforce is 26% (The Hindu, 2018). A significant proportion of the female labour workforce is engaged in the unorganized s... ver más

J. Madhu Babu,K. M. M. Krishna     Pág. 68 - 78
Television in India has proven a most influential infotainment media powerful and popular among its audience. Television plays a vital role in the telecast entertaining program. Fiction has been a popular genre on Indian Television. A common habit among ... ver más