Constantly changing environmental conditions lead to the necessity of regular updates, enhancements, and adaptation of existing approaches to the investigation of the development of societies that live in different territories. As a result, the purpose of the paper is to identify the main social factors of effective system formation of the social vital activity at the present stage of development of the territories, which have unstable socio-economic and political environment. Specific trends, reflecting the state of social and economic processes in the countries of the evolving political and legal system are considered (on the example of Donetsk region). Parameters defining the socio-cultural component of society of formation are determined: level of development of education, medicine, social infrastructure facilities, the environmental aspects, the social hierarchy and relationships in the community, the criminal and military risks, the demographic trends, the level of unemployment and informal employment. The authors carried out an expert assessment of the importance of factors of formation of system of the vital activity of society. A set of recommendations for coordinated impact on the economic and social processes in the conditions of transforming market system was proposed as a result of the research.