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Inicio  /  AI  /  Vol: 5 Par: 1 (2024)  /  Artículo

Automated Classification of User Needs for Beginner User Experience Designers: A Kano Model and Text Analysis Approach Using Deep Learning

Zhejun Zhang    
Huiying Chen    
Ruonan Huang    
Lihong Zhu    
Shengling Ma    
Larry Leifer and Wei Liu    


This study introduces a novel tool for classifying user needs in user experience (UX) design, specifically tailored for beginners, with potential applications in education. The tool employs the Kano model, text analysis, and deep learning to classify user needs efficiently into four categories. The data for the study were collected through interviews and web crawling, yielding 19 user needs from Generation Z users (born between 1995 and 2009) of LEGO toys (Billund, Denmark). These needs were then categorized into must-be, one-dimensional, attractive, and indifferent needs through a Kano-based questionnaire survey. A dataset of over 3000 online comments was created through preprocessing and annotating, which was used to train and evaluate seven deep learning models. The most effective model, the Recurrent Convolutional Neural Network (RCNN), was employed to develop a graphical text classification tool that accurately outputs the corresponding category and probability of user input text according to the Kano model. A usability test compared the tool?s performance to the traditional affinity diagram method. The tool outperformed the affinity diagram method in six dimensions and outperformed three qualities of the User Experience Questionnaire (UEQ), indicating a superior UX. The tool also demonstrated a lower perceived workload, as measured using the NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX), and received a positive Net Promoter Score (NPS) of 23 from the participants. These findings underscore the potential of this tool as a valuable educational resource in UX design courses. It offers students a more efficient and engaging and less burdensome learning experience while seamlessly integrating artificial intelligence into UX design education. This study provides UX design beginners with a practical and intuitive tool, facilitating a deeper understanding of user needs and innovative design strategies.

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