Resumen

A solitary wave in two-dimensional, incompressible, turbulent free-surface flow over a plane bottom with small, constant slope is considered. The flow is assumed to be slightly supercritical with Froude numbers close to 1. If the flow far upstream and far downstream is fully developed, a simple argument based on the law of momentum shows that for a solitary wave to exist, the bottom friction cannot be constant all along the channel bed. In [1] the situation was considered where the bottom roughness of the channel is constant over some distance and slightly higher than in the rest of the channel bed, giving rise to a higher bottom friction coefficient. In an asymptotic analysis in [1] an extended Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation was derived to describe the surface elevation of the fluid. Adopting this equation, we solved it numerically by posing a coupled boundary-value eigenvalue problem and obtained results for stationary and transient wave solutions as well as for the eigenvalue, which corresponds to distinct values of the bottom friction coefficient. While the numerical solutions as compared to the asymptotic solutions agree qualitatively in the stationary case, there were major differences found in case of the transient solutions. Preliminary studies to this work were reported in [2].