Inicio  /  Water  /  Vol: 9 Núm: 8 Par: 0 (2017)  /  Artículo
ARTÍCULO
TITULO

Relationship between Industrial Water Use and Economic Growth in China: Insights from an Environmental Kuznets Curve

Alun Gu    
Yue Zhang    
Bolin Pan    

Resumen

Global inequity and the unbalance of water resources has been a critical issue for many years; and the Chinese per capita water resources are only 1/4 of the global average. Meanwhile, as the Chinese economy is growing rapidly, the demand of Chinese industrial water use is also increasing. In this case, it is important to balance the relationship between economic growth and industrial water use. In this study, a reduction model is established for the northeastern, northern coastal, eastern coastal, southern coastal, middle Yellow River, middle Yangtze River, southwestern, and northwestern regions to verify the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) for their respective industrial water use and provide theoretical support for decision making from an economic perspective. It adopts the per capita industrial water use and GDP of the eight economic zones from 2002 to 2014. The unit root test and co-integration test were adopted to analyze the stationarity of the data, and the triple reduction model was used for the fitting of variables. The relationship between per capita industrial water use and GDP showed an inverted U-shaped curve from 2002 to 2014 for China, as well as for the eastern coastal and middle Yangtze River regions, with the coordinates of the turning points being (9.8749, 4.6735), (10.3098, 5.4783), and (9.8184, 5.0622), respectively. The per capita GDP at the turning point of the inverted U-shaped curve is 18,000?30,000 Yuan (at constant prices from 2000). This study provides important thoughts and lessons for collaborative research into the relationship between industrial water consumption and economic development. The central government should focus on the central and western regions when creating policies for water resource management and technological development to improve their industrial water use efficiency.

 Artículos similares

       
 
Vladimir D. Ilyin     Pág. 26 - 34
The review presents the relationship between the development of S-modeling (symbolic modeling of arbitrary objects in a human-machine environment) and digitalization (improvement of various types of activities based on information technology). In S-model... ver más

 
Asadullah Khan , Muhammad Waris Ali Khan , Shahryar Sorooshian, Mehfooz Ullah, Faisal Rana    
Benefit management is a valuable approach, promoted and supported by strategic management for maximizing organizational benefits. It has also been recognized as a means of improving project performance, though more research is needed to understand how it... ver más

 
Lucía Inés Martín,Denis Marchal,Silvia Barredo,Claudio Naides,Silvia Blanco     Pág. 345 - 381
The fissility is the ability of some rocks to split along relatively smooth surfaces parallel to the bedding. This property observed mostly in fine-grained rocks is particularly expressed in outcrops, where rocks are subjected to weathering processes. Mo... ver más
Revista: Andean Geology

 
Dmitry Namiot,Eugene Ilyushin     Pág. 84 - 93
The fundamental moment of the operation of machine learning systems is that the models are trained on some selected training data set. Accordingly, the generalizations obtained at the training stage are due to the characteristics of some subset of the ge... ver más

 
Gennadii Orlov,Andrei Chugunov     Pág. 113 - 125
The article presents the results of a survey study - a component of a sociological project focused, in one of its components, on testing hypotheses about the relationship between the state of health and the orientation of older people to active longevity... ver más