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Inicio  /  Environments  /  Vol: 5 Núm: 10 Par: October (2018)  /  Artículo

Land Use Planning and Wildlife-Inflicted Crop Damage in Zambia

Mitelo Subakanya    
Gelson Tembo and Robert B. Richardson    


Damage to crops from wildlife interference is a common threat to food security among rural communities in or near Game Management Areas (GMAs) in Zambia. This study uses a two-stage model and cross-sectional data from a survey of 2769 households to determine the impact of land use planning on the probability and extent of wildlife-inflicted crop damage. The results show that crop damage is higher in GMAs as compared to non-GMAs, and that land use planning could be an effective tool to significantly reduce the likelihood of such damage. These findings suggest that there is merit in the current drive to develop and implement land use plans to minimize human-wildlife conflict such as crop damage. This is especially critical as Zambian conservation policies do not explicitly provide compensation for damage caused by wildlife.